International Labor Organization & Child and Forced Labor
The ILRF’s Campaign to Stop Child Labor and Forced Labor is also well supported by the ILO’s Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, which establish a minimum working age and outlaw the most damaging forms of child labor
- Convention 29 – Forced Labor Convention details the responsibilities of each member of the International Labor Organization to suppress the use of forced labor and the exceptional conditions under which those members may have recourse to forced labor.
- Convention 105 – Abolition of Forced Labor Convention, outlaws all forms of compulsory labor as a means of discipline, suppression, or economic gain
- Convention 138 – Minimum Age Convention, requires that governments establish a minimum age for admission to employment which is consistent with the fullest physical and mental development of young persons
- Convention 182 – Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, outlaws the sale and trafficking of children, forced labor, and the use of children in armed conflict
- The Declaration of Philadelphia was adopted at the twenty-sixth session of the general conference of the International Labor Organization on May 10, 1944. This declaration “reaffirms the fundamental principles on which the [ILO] is based” and among those fundamental principles that are particularly mentioned is “freedom of expression and of association are essential to sustained progress.”